Istanbul Intrigues » 18-Selective List of Code Names for OSS-Turkey
SELECTIVE LIST OF CODE NAMES FOR OSS-TURKEY
I. OSS AGENTS
Arbutus: Lynn Beeler, Bulgaria desk officer in Edirne.
Basil: Jerome Sperling, director of Greek chain.
Bittersweet: Dean Woodruff, Bulgaria desk officer.
Cactus: Frank Stevens, OSS-Istanbul’s Romania desk officer.
Gander: Lieutenant Alexander “Alekko” Georgiades, director of OSS-Edirne outpost.
Happy: Philip Guepin, director of OSS Special Operations.
Herman/Camelia: Helmuth von Moltke, Abwehr officer and anti-Hitler conspirator.
Javelin: OSS- Turkey.
Juniper: Colonel Vala Mocarski, OSS-Cairo, who came to Istanbul in January-February 1944 to negotiate with Hatz.
Pansy: A Bulgarian officer; reported from Sofia.
Paprika: Director of Turkish secret police (also known as “Aunt Jane”); supplied intelligence particularly on Bulgaria.
Poinsetta: Polish intelligence.
Poppy: Gander’s Greek courier.
Rose: Archibald Walker, director of Socony Vacuum Oil company office. Specialized in Bulgarian affairs.
Vervain: Emanuel Voska, OWI officer; gathered intelligence.
Note: OSS-Istanbul also had a “Fish” ring of agents, including Turkish and Bulgarian diplomats in Tokyo and employees of the Japanese embassies in Sofia and Ankara.
II. OSS DOGWOOD-CEREUS “FLOWER” RING (Partial List)
DIRECTORS: ALFRED SCHWARZ AND ARCHIBALD COLEMAN.
Begonia: An Austrian Nazi party member; employed by Wehrwirtschaftsant (army economic office).*
Cassia: Franz Josef Messner, managing director of Semperit Company, Vienna, and head of Austrian nationalist group (Cassia ring).
Cereus: Archibald Coleman, American OSS officer who ran the ring.
Dahlia: Fritz Fiala, German embassy press counselor and an SS officer.*
Dogwood: Alfred Schwarz. Czech businessman who actually controlled the ring’s operations.
Hyacinth: Hans Willbrandt, German refugee professor in Istanbul.
Iris: Frantisek Laufer, SD agent in Budapest and Slovakia.*
Jasmine: Lt. Col. Otto Hatz, Hungarian military attaché.*
Jacaranda: Luther Kovess; handled relations with Hungarian general staff.*
Lotus: A Chinese engineer; reported from Berlin.
Magnolia: Alexander Rustow, German refugee professor in Istanbul; maintained contacts with German opposition.
Oleander: Holzmeister, German architect in Ankara.
Stock: Franz Josef Ridiger, Semperit Company official and leader of the Cassia ring; defected to Allies, September 1944.
Trillium: Andre Gyorgy, OSS courier.*
*German double agents.