The 2009 Iranian presidential elections has marked a turning point in the country’s ongoing evolution toward a post-Islamist republic in which Islamic values and principles are not dictated but embraced. The unexpected popular unrest and political upheaval that has occurred reflects the polarization of social, economic, and political forces in the country. Each of […]
In the March 2009 Turkish local elections, the opposition Nationalist Action Party (MHP) and Democratic Society Party (DTP) did better but not as well as they had hoped. The incumbent Justice and Development Party (AKP) was content to finish first but disappointed by reduced support. Government losses were concentrated in the developed west–hard-hit by the global economic crisis–and the east and southeast–where continuing violence breeds discontent.
√?¬Į√?¬Ľ√?¬Ņ MOROCCO’S 2007 ELECTIONS: A SOCIAL READING Samir Ben-Layashi* This article discusses the social and political context of Morocco’s 2007 parliamentary elections, which brought surprising results. It attempts to explain why the moderate Islamic party, the PJD, did not achieve an overwhelming victory as was expected. It also explores why the formerly undefeatable socialist party, […]
√?¬Į√?¬Ľ√?¬Ņ IRAN’S NUCLEAR AND SYRIA’S IRAQ ADVENTURES Barry Rubin* The two main areas where the alliance of radical forces in the Middle East confront Western interests and pose a danger of major instability are Iran’s drive for nuclear weapons and Syria’s efforts to destabilize Iraq. This article considers these two issues. First, it examines what […]
Middle East Review of International Affairs Published by the GLORIA Center, Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya Volume 11, No. 3, Article 9/9 – September 2007 Total Circulation 25,000 HOW THE ARAB REGIMES DEFEATED THE LIBERALIZATION CHALLENGE Barry Rubin* *A version of this article has been published by The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. This article […]
Middle East Review of International Affairs Published by the GLORIA Center, Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya Volume 11, No. 3, Article 4/9 – September 2007 Total Circulation 25,000 GERMANY’S MIDDLE EAST POLICY Wolfgang G. Schwanitz* At times of peace, Germany√?¬Į√?¬Ņ√?¬Ĺs Middle East policy has historically taken a secondary position√?¬Į√?¬Ņ√?¬Ĺone subordinate to Germany√?¬Į√?¬Ņ√?¬Ĺs primary policy toward Europe […]