This article addresses sectarian violence and discrimination against Egypt’s Coptic minority, including the January 2010 attacks in Nag Hammadi as well as other incidents during the previous years. It also points to the government’s failure to acknowledge the situation and take action or responsibility. It argues that rather than protecting its citizens, the regime’s first and foremost priority has been its own survival. In order to appease Islamist groups (its main contenders), the government has thus encouraged an Islamization of Egyptian society, which in turn has resulted in further discrimination against the Coptic minority.
This article surveys compulsory Arabic language curricula of the Egyptian education system. Extracts are presented and analyzed to show how these lessons are often infused with Islamic religious texts that emphasize Islam as the basis of all societal relations. All students, regardless of religion, are indoctrinated to uphold “obedience to God and His Prophet [Muhammad].” Lessons promote that leadership positions should be held by “believers” only; that any ruler who “disobeys God and His Prophet” can be himself disobeyed; and that the believers should take a firm position against those who “do not submit to the orders of God and His Prophet.” There is little mention of the constitution or laws. The article concludes that this government-endorsed curriculum is breeding intolerance and extremism among the new generations.
Middle East Review of International Affairs Published by the GLORIA Center, Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya Volume 11, No. 3, Article 1/8 – September 2007 Total Circulation 25,000 FAMILY STATUS ISSUES AMONG EGYPT’S COPTS: A BRIEF OVERVIEW Adel Guindy* The following article discusses the impact of the Egyptian Family Status Law of 1955 (which is still in […]
Published by the GLORIA Center,Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya Volume 10, No. 3, Article 7/10 – September 2006Total Circulation 22,500 THE ISLAMIZATION OF EGYPTAdel Guindy* This article discusses the recent strengthening of the Muslim Brotherhood and the Islamist movements in Egypt. It then looks at the resulting regression in modernization and Westernization efforts in the country. The […]